Gum disease 101: All about gingivitis and periodontitis

Your gums are responsible for your overall oral health. Unfortunately, people often end up ignoring the early signs of gum disease, only to deal with serious consequences later. If you have symptoms like gum bleeding or pain, consider visiting a Dedham, MA dental practice at the earliest. In this post, we are discussing critical aspects of gingivitis and periodontitis, which are not the same.

An overview of gingivitis

Gingivitis is the minor and earliest form of gum disease. As long as you see a dentist regularly and keep up with proper oral care, getting relief should not be a concern. Gum disease is all about inflammation of the gums, triggered by bacteria that eventually cause plaque. Some people have evident signs of gingivitis, while others may not have any symptoms at all. That’s one of the precise reasons why you need to see a dentist at least once in six months so that early signs can be treated as early as possible.

Symptoms of gingivitis include bleeding of the gums, especially when you are brushing and flossing. You may also find your gums swollen and appear red, although there is no evident cause.

An overview of periodontitis

Periodontitis is the advanced form of periodontitis, where the inflammation has reached the periodontium. The periodontium is the area of the gum tissue that keeps the teeth in position. You may have symptoms of gingivitis along with more complicated symptoms, such as bad breath, loose teeth, and receding gums. You may also have sensitivity when eating and drinking. Periodontitis, if left untreated, can eventually lead to tooth loss.

Treatment for periodontitis and gingivitis

Just improving your brushing habits and getting your teeth and gums cleaned by a dentist can help treat gingivitis, and it is possible to reverse the damage. In some cases, dentists recommend special mouthwashes that help reduce bacteria that cause gingivitis. The treatment for periodontitis is similar to gingivitis, although dentists are more likely to prescribe oral antibiotics. Deep cleaning sessions are often required to counter the advanced stages of gum disease.

Final word

Gum disease, including periodontitis, doesn’t have to be something that requires emergency intervention, but you should still consider seeing a dentist or a periodontist. It is imperative because periodontitis can cause other concerns. Make sure you don’t ignore the signs, especially toothache or bleeding from the gums, which are often the first symptoms. Check with your dentist today!


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